Reflections on the development of China's paper in

2022-07-25
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Thinking about the development of China's paper industry with the scientificoutlookondevelopment (1)

huzongyuan, professor level senior engineer; He has successively served as deputy director of the paper industry bureau of the Ministry of light industry, director of the foreign affairs department, general manager of China Light Industry Corporation for foreign economic and technological cooperation, technical advisor of the Ministry of light industry, advisor of the science and Technology Commission of the Ministry of light industry, technical advisor of the China Light Industry Federation, etc., and officially retired in October 1998; Currently, he is the consultant of the 4th China papermaking society and concurrently serves as the consultant professor of South China University of technology and Tianjin University of science and technology

key points: using the scientificoutlookondevelopment to think about the two major bottleneck problems of raw materials and pollution related to the development of the paper industry, the implementation of forest paper integration and the resources of waste paper, and focusing on the small straw pulp mill and its environmental pollution, that is, the scientific and rational utilization of straw fiber raw materials

key words: scientificoutlookondevelopment; reflection; Development of paper industry; Forest paper integration; implementation; Waste paper resources; Pollution; Small straw pulp mill

1

2004 has passed, and China's paper industry continues to flourish. It is predicted that the total production of paper and paperboard in 2004 will reach 48million tons, an increase of about 11.6% over the previous year. According to the fact that China's national economy continues to maintain 5 It is expected that the market demand of China's paper industry will continue to increase in 2005, and China's total production of paper and paperboard will continue to grow; The demand for high-quality paper is still strong, and there is still a gap in the market for some paper varieties. Therefore, there will still be a certain number of imports in the future; Due to the insufficient supply of China's total domestic paper production, as well as China's huge potential market demand and the improvement of the investment environment, China's paper industry has become a hot spot for overseas and domestic investors; Due to the increase of the total domestic paper production and the shortage of domestic paper raw materials, in the case of a large number of imported commercial pulp and waste paper in 2004, the domestic paper demand for commercial pulp and waste paper will continue to expand in 2005, and the import volume will continue to increase; At the same time, in the past two years, the members of the domestic newly started and put into production project team discussed with Tianzi 1 that there are many papermaking projects with new potential of the company's products, and some products increase rapidly. In addition, imported products continue to compete for the domestic market. Therefore, the competition in China's paper market will be more intense in 2005; In addition, due to the imbalance between supply and demand of some domestic product varieties, the domestic paper market price will fluctuate, and the market price of some paper products will decline; In addition, as the state strengthened the management of environmental protection and law enforcement in 2005, the environmental protection of China's paper industry has become a major issue for the survival of paper enterprises, and some of our paper enterprises can no longer turn a blind eye to it; The state has also formulated the "water quota standard for paper products", which has been formally implemented. Our paper enterprises must also do a good job in water conservation. The above situation is the analysis of China Paper Association on the production and marketing situation of China's paper industry at the 2005 national paper order fair, which will also be the general development trend of China's paper industry in the coming period. Therefore, many practical problems before us must be seriously valued, studied and faced

2

in the 21st century, the trend of economic globalization has strengthened, the scientific and technological revolution has developed rapidly, and the international competition has become increasingly fierce, which has brought severe challenges to China's paper industry. At the same time, China's paper market has great potential in the fatigue test of composite rolls, and has become a hot spot for domestic and foreign investors. With the transfer of foreign capital and technology to China, this will bring an excellent development opportunity to China's paper industry. It should be noted that there are still many difficulties and problems on the way forward of China's paper industry, which need our clear understanding and research. The author believes that there are two outstanding problems, one is the insufficient supply of raw materials in China's paper industry, and the other is the serious environmental pollution caused by China's paper industry. And these two problems are interrelated

in the process of sustained and rapid development of China's paper industry, the supply of paper raw materials will always be the bottleneck that puzzles us, and will become more and more serious in the future. On the one hand, the raw material structure is unreasonable, on the other hand, the supply is insufficient. The unreasonable structure of papermaking raw materials is reflected in the low proportion of wood pulp, which is less than 10% of domestic pulp. Therefore, in recent years, China has to import a large number of commercial wood pulp every year, and the import quantity is increasing significantly year by year. In 2000, the import of various types of commercial wood pulp was 3.3451 million tons, which rose to 4.9038 million tons in 2001, an increase of 46.60% over the previous year. In 2003, it reached 6.034 million tons, an increase of 14.6% over the previous year. In 2004, it was estimated to be 7.2 million tons, an increase of 20% over 2003. In order to solve the pollution caused by straw pulp, make up for the shortage of papermaking raw materials and replace some wood pulp, China has imported a large amount of waste paper every year in recent years. Imported waste paper is duty-free, and its fiber is mostly wood fiber, which is of good quality and can replace part of wood pulp, and the price is much cheaper than wood pulp. The paper produced with imported waste paper and other sizes has higher performance and price ratio than other products, and has strong competitiveness in the domestic market. In recent years, the import volume of waste paper in China has increased greatly. Only 384000 tons in 1988, 1.92 million tons in 1998, 3.7136 million tons in 2000, and 6.4191 million tons of waste paper imported from abroad in 2001, an increase of 72.85% over the previous year. In 2003, 9.3818 million tons of waste paper were imported, an increase of 36.51% over the previous year (24.4 times that of 1988). It is estimated to be 12million tons in 2004. China has become one of the countries that import the most waste paper in the world

the paper industry is also regarded as an industry that pollutes and destroys the environment in the world. The paper industry in some foreign developed countries caused serious environmental pollution in the 1960s. However, since the late 1960s, due to the rapid progress of environmental protection and treatment technology in the pulp and paper industry, it has been well solved today and how to rapidly develop and expand with the help of the capital market, so as to achieve cleaner production. However, under the historical conditions in the past, due to the lack of national wood resources and construction funds, China's paper industry is mainly based on grass fiber raw materials, and small paper mills are the main body. In addition to our insufficient understanding of environmental protection, the production wastewater of most small straw pulp and paper mills is discharged arbitrarily without good treatment, resulting in river pollution and serious damage to the environment

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